Spoof text
1. Social function: To retell an event with a humorous twist2. Generic structure:1. Orientation: Which set the scene2. Event: Which tell what happened3. Twist: Which provides the fun line3. Language feature:1. Focus on individual participant2. Use of material processes, such as: kick, walk, open3. Circumstance of time and place, such as: once, the next day, in a park4. Use of past tense4. example :
Children often have far more senses than their elders. This simple truth was demonstratedrather dramatically during a civil defence exercise in small town in Canada.Air-raid warnings were sounded and thousand of people went into special air-raid shelters.Doctors and nurses remained above ground while police patrolled the streets in case anyone triedto leave the shelters too soon.The police stayed underground for twenty minutes and waited for the siren to sound again. Ohleaving the air-raid shelters, they saw that doctors and nurses were busy. Theoritical make-up andartificial blood had been used to make the injures look real.A lot of people were lying ³dead´ in the streets. A child of six was brought in by two adults.The child was supposed to be dead. With theoretical make-up on his face, he looked as if he haddied of shock. Some people were so moved by the sight that they began to cry.However, the child suddenly sat up and a doctor asked him to comment on his death. The childlooked around for a moment and said, ³I think they¶re all crazy´.
(source: panduan belajar kelas XI)
Discussion text
a. Social function: To present (at least) two points of view about an issueb. Generic structure:1. Issue: a). Statement, b). Preview2. Arguments for and against or statement of differing points of view: a). point, b).Ellaboration3. Coaclusion or recommendationc. Significant features:1. Focus on generic human and generic non human participants2. Use of: a) material processes , b) Relational processes, c) Mental processes3. Use of Comparative, contrastive and consequential conjunctions4. Reasoning expressed as verbs and nouns(abstractions)e. example :
The controvers
of harnessing solar energ
We often hear about solar cars,solar heating, and solar batteries. But will solar energy ever be amajor source of energy for society?Solar energy is cheaper than other fossil fuels because we can get an abundant source from thesun. In sunny desert areas, 50% of the sun¶s radiation that reaches the ground could be used to procedure electricity for businesses and industry and to provide heat, light, and hot water for homes. Experimental solar ponds can also produce hot water to drive generators.Unfortunetly, we can¶t yet power our homes entirely on sunlight. Solar energy can only beused effectively in bright light. Its greatets potential therefore is in hot countries that have clear skies for most of the year. But, unfortunately most houses are not inthe sunniest parts of htheworld. Moreover, in order to harness power solar cells are very cheap to run, but relativellyexpensive to buy and many people can¶t afford them. Needless to say, solar energy is usefull and non-polluton source of energy. Unfortunately,solar cells, the main device to harness the sun¶s energy are still very expensive.
(source: Erlangga/look ahead an English course XII)
xplanation text
a. Social function: To explain the processes involved in the formation or workings of naturalor socio cultural phenomenab. Generic structure:
A general statement to position the reader
A sequenced explanation of
something occursc. Significant feature:
Focus on generic, non human participants
Use mainly of material and relational processes
Use mainly of temporal and causal circumstances and conjunctions
Some use of passive voice to get Theme rightd. Example :
Sound recordings and reproduction
Sound recordings and reproduction are two separate processes used to record, store and play back sounds. Sound recordings use microphones to pick up sound waves in the air. The pressurechanges associated with the waves are converted into electrical signals, which can be coded andstored for future access. Sound reproduction, or playback, uses additional devices to retrieve thestored information and convert back into electrical signals. The signals are then sent to aloudspeaker, which converts them back into sound.To record sound, a microphone changes the acoustic energy of sound waves in the air intoelectrical signals. Inside a microphone is a thin, flat, metallic surface, called a diaphragm, that issuspended in a magnetic field. When a sound wave reaches the microphone, the air pressurechanges around the diaphragm, causing the diaphragm to move. This movement within a magneticfield creates an electrical signal. The signal is then transferred to a storage medium, such as acassette tape, a compact disc (CD), or a phonograph record.To reproduction sound, a playing device-such as a CD player, cassette deck, or phonographaccesses the stored data. The playing device reads the data and converse the information back intoelectric energy. The electrical signal is sent to a loudspeaker, which has a diaphragm housed in amagnetic field in much the same way as a microphone¶s diaphragm is housed. The electrical signalcreates a disturbance in the magnetic field. These resultant variations in the magnetic field causethe diaphragm to move. As the diaphragm moves, it pushes out and pulls in, creating changes in air  pressure to recreate the sound that was originally recorded.Sound recordings and reproduction form the foundation of many industries, includingentertainment, communication, and multimedia businesses. Recording and reproduction of soundallow people to play their favorite music, whether it was recorded yesterday or many years ago.Radio networks rely on sound recording and reproduction for storing news and other types of  programming. Television and motion pictures combine images with music, speech, and Soundeffects to provide the viewer with as enriched experience. Computer programs, multimediasoftware, and video games also use sound to make programs more engaging.
(source: Erlangga/look ahead an English course XII)
Review text
a. Social function: To critique an art work, event for a public audience. Such works of artinclude movies, TV show, books, plays, operas, recordings, exhibitions, concerts, andballetsb. Generic structure:
Interpretive Recount
Evaluative Summationc. Significant feature:
Focus on particular participants
Direct expression of attitudinal ephitets in nominal groups: Qualities attributes and Affective mental processes
Use of elaborating and extending clause and group complexes to package theinformation
Use of metaphorical language (e.g., The wit was there, dexterously ping ponged toand fro«)d. Example :
Original soundtrack of
Bisa saja was chosen sa the first single of the album and theme song of Brownies because thelyrics reflect the story in the movie. Budjana of GIGI demonstrates his skills in playing an acousticguitar in Cinta terakhir. Three other brand new songs, Dilema, Jangan bilang pacarku, and Semuaorang berhak mendapat rasa bahagia, give supporting nuances to tthe flow of the movie. GIGIcomposed them by imagining how the scenes would look like based on the sreenpaly.When hanung bramantyo (the director) and Dewa budjana of GIGI chatted, Budjana expressedhis interest in making a sountrack album. Then, he recommended a few GIGI songs, which the producer accepted because of the chemistry they created with the movie.Since GIGI could provide a variety of colors to add all kinds of musical nuances to enrich themovie, the producer deemed it unnecessary to find other musicians to complete the originalsountrack of Brownies.Armand maulana (vocalist), I gede dewa budjana (guitarist), Thomas ramadhan (bass player),and Gusti erhany (drums-stand-in player for Budhi haryono) put alotof effort into this album. As aresult, they¶ve created a perfect blend of a movie and songs that makes Brownies tastier.It¶s always fun to have a piece of piece of brownies in your mouth but having it on your stereois more entertaining. No movie is perfect without a musical score and Ost. Of Brownies has provedit excellently

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